Perpetual motion, the action of a device that, once set in motion, would continue in motion forever, with no additional energy required to maintain it. Such devices are impossible on grounds stated by the first and second laws of thermodynamics.
Perpetual motion, although impossible to produce, has fascinated both inventors and the general public for hundreds of years. The enormous appeal of perpetual motion resides in the promise of a virtually free and limitless source of power. The fact that perpetual-motion machines cannot work because they violate the laws of thermodynamics has not discouraged inventors and hucksters from attempting to break, circumvent, or ignore those laws.
Basically, there are three kinds of perpetual-motion devices. The first kind includes those devices that purport to deliver more energy from a falling or turning body than is required to restore those devices to their original state. The most common of these, and the oldest, is the overbalanced wheel The overbalanced wheel perpetual motion machine apparently originated in India, in the 8th century CE. The Indian astronomer Lalla described a self-rotating wheel driven by mercury moving along its curved spokes. A variation of this idea was described by the Indian author Bhaskara (c. 1159). It was a wheel with containers of mercury around its rim. As the wheel turned, the mercury was supposed to move within the containers in such a way that the wheel would always be heavier on one side of the axle.
“No human investigation can be called real science if it cannot be demonstrated mathematically” Leonardo da Vinci.
For many years the Laws of Thermodynamics serve people and have never been disproved. However, these Laws were not been proven theoretically. They are a result of observations. In other words, we trust the Laws of Thermodynamics because Perpetual Motion Machine has not been invented for over 300 years. But it doesn’t mean it’s not possible…
” …We didn’t know how to produce a perpetual motion, so we gave you a picture of a man who did, and made it as noisy as possible to loosen up your own noise filters on the subject. I offered you a dose of omniscient noise on the subject of perpetual motion, and the one inescapable conclusion that it had been done. Everyone of you had previously set your filters to reject the idea of perpetual motion. Nonsense! No use looking for that. Work on something useful. I suggested we assemble a bunch of you double-domes and slap you solidly with the fact that it ain’t nonsense, it can be done. Give you some omniscient noise to listen to, loosen up your filters, and let the answer come through out of your own mental productiveness. …It worked. It always will work. All you’ve got to do is get the lead out of your pants and the rocks out of your head, and the arbitrary noise filter settings corrected on a few of the other things you’ve always wanted to do – and you can find a proper answer to any problem you care to investigate! If we could learn to utilize the maximum noise level of the human mind we could master the whole Universe!”
Raymond F. Jones “Noise level”
Yes, that is the key point: IT WOULD NOT BE POSSIBLE TO INVENT WITHOUT STRONG BELIEF THAT IT IS POSSIBLE!
My Perpetual Motion Machines models are of motorized versions that were built to illustrate how they were supposed to work in the minds of Inventors. Never mind what educational level we are at, we all miss something that goes beyond the usual scientific explanations. Fundamental Science, Physics Laws and boring Laws of Thermodynamics bring the ‘flight’ of Inventors’ ideas to land. Growing Technology … We live in an age of consumption. But many of us are still dreaming and believe that the era of creativity has not gone. My PMM models are built for them. I’d like to inspire these people by demonstrating Unworkable Perpetual Motion Machines that were designed centuries ago.